User-Built tDCS Research Device

I’ve been tinkering with tDCS for several months now – including doing lots of reading and building of prototype devices.  I also have a number of friends who are giving it a try.  Along the way I’ve learned a number of things that could be useful to others:

1. Read, read, read.  Lots of tDCS articles and dialog are on the web and more every day.

2. Seek professional help with tDCS if at all possible.  For example www.

3. Safety first! Read mine and other articles about tDCS safety.

4. The popular ActivaDose II seems to be a good device for tDCS – a bit “edgy” in its current regulation – which may be irritating to some

5. tDCS devices built around the LM334 seem to work very well and provide very smooth adjustments to current level

6. Information on treatment montages is a bit scattered, but getting better (see my doc below for a start)

In conjunction with the above, here is the schematic I use to build devices to tinker with.  There are many other designs on the web.

User Built tDCS Research Device - Brent feb 2013

(This is my favorite design.  Simple, smooth, works.)


(Almost done.  A bit more soldering…)


(Completed except for labeling. Simple, solid, reliable!)


(Digital meter in place of analog.)


(Same basic design, just digital mA meter.)

And finally, here is a link to a bit of doc I’ve written for use with the home-built tDCS research device and ActivaDose II.

Comments and suggestions are welcome.

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56 comments on “User-Built tDCS Research Device

  1. Did you see a difference in the waveform for the ActivaDose II device compared to the DIY LM334 circuit?

    Did you notice a difference in the sensation (burning, flashing) for the ActivaDose II device and compared to the DIY LM334 circuit?

    Very nice entry, thanks for the information.

  2. Pingback: Weekend tDCS Insights - Chi & Snyder, SpeakWisdom, Carlo Miniussi | DIY tDCS

  3. Pingback: DIY tDCS Start Here Page | DIY tDCS

  4. While surfing the Inteernet about TDCS and CES, I found a site called that linked to a forum portal, where a member discussed unit he had built (and sold). Seemed to be quite knowlegeble ob the build process and implementation. Unfortunately I wasn’t able to register on the wiki sitein order to contact him. The post is “CES/TDCS Devices For Sale” at .

    • you didnt answer my question but it was a stupid question, anyways where did you buy the digi meter, I’ve built the exact device base on your schematic and per your documentation have begun to to do savant stimulation.
      My real question would be, where do i stimulate to improve my math and problem solving skill, since i’m a mech engineer student and we solved a lot of math and Force equation…if you know what I mean?

      • Sorry – I missed the questions. You can buy the digital meters on EBay and Amazon. I get the 0-20 mA meter.

        I’ll have future posts regarding electrode placement based on studies published on the web.


    • Well in my experience:

      Firstly, your sponge electrodes- you should be using sponge electrodes- will dry out long before the 8hr mark. Unless you’re in a rainforest or something.

      Secondly, the longer you continue a run the greater the chance one of your electrodes will come part-way off and possibly give a significant burn before you awake. This is very unlikely with sponge electrodes at least.

      Finally, after a run of 1, 2 or 3+ hrs you’ll feel a bit like a hangover is passing. There are almost certainly chemicals like neurotransmitters and nutrients being exhausted in the effected cells which will need to be replenished.

      It’s far from clear how long an “ideal” run should be or the rest required thereafter. 20-20mins is entirely reasonable yet it’s status as the Norm is more to do with the nerve of the earliest experimenters than anything else; that’s what they did and so the literature consists of the replications.

      At some point there will be good information on effects and consequences of various durations and current densities, montages, even wave-forms and frequencies- but not yet.

      • PS, ’20-20mins’ should’ve been 20-30mins.

        While I’m at it I should stress that I saw no particular benefit to runs of ten times longer than standard practice. It’s difficult to say without large scale replication of blinded trials but the only obvious difference is that sense of a fading hangover, which feels less like one fading the longer you go.

      • There are studies already completed that show diminishing returns after 20-30 minutes of treatment. I haven’t seen anything that indicates longer treatment time adds value.


  5. Please excuse my ignorance on some of this. I understand the basic principle of TDCS, the current flow and most of the parts, but am a little confused on the electrodes. Many articles talk about Anode and Cathode electrodes. Is it the type of material inside the electrode that determines if it’s one or the other? Or, is there some other factors? When I looked up sponge electrodes on the Internet, the descriptions do not appear to have any reference to the electrode being Anode or Cathode. Do electrodes come individually or as a set and when looking at the electrodes, how do you tell the difference? Thank you!

      • But is each electrode somehow identified as Anode or Cathode. Maybe I’m missing something, but the online sales sites don’t seem to identify the electrodes as being Anode or Cathode. As Iunderstand it, the current flow process is determined by wether the ANode or Cathode electrode is connected to the positve side (hopefully I said that right).

      • The anode is the electrode connected to the positive lead of the tDCS device. The cathode is the electrode connected to the negative lead of the tDCS device.


  6. I would like to see a source list made of the components and a reliable supplier. Construction techniques would be very useful too. Your hard work is appreciated.

  7. Hi Brent, forgive my ignorance of electrical engineering, but is your current control knob attached to the potentiometer? I’m assuming that the pot is what you’re using to control the current with the LM334. Or am I sorely mistaken?

  8. Ace!
    I need a back up machine. I do tdcs everyday at least 2x a day 8 hours apart different montages. Depression, motor cortex and language area (behind my left ear).It has changed me. I feel as if my brain is doing better than before i did tdcs. A bit faster, i am not depressed, I am afflicted with bipolar 2 depression. when you suffer from an illness that results in 20% of those afflicted trying to kill themselves and 11% doing so something that works is so great. It REALLY helps with pain. Not to make this available to people suffering is a shame. Of course I am very lucky. extrapolating from various studies is at best hit or miss as to what will really happen to you. I have also made mistakes. Fortunately I make an effort not to do anything that i find uncomfortable twice. So I must say please try to do this right. Consistency seems to reinforce neuroplasticity. I know that this empirical approach probably rubs the theorists wrong but I am your lab rat. Thanks for your excellent work.

    Oh yeah my verbal memory seems increased and oddly enough my handiness that is I have been very left handed but now not as much. supposedly this is due to tdcs’s influence on the motor cortex.

    • I have procured a tdcs device. My doctor gave me tdcs for depressio for 8 days, helped me alot. I am gonna do it on my own now. Do u recommened tdcs everyday for a couple of hourss?? is it safe if done more than an hour??

      • Hi Shan,

        I don’t prescribe tDCS treatment scenarious. You need to do some serious reading on tDCS and current practices. Most users stay with the research norm of 20 to 30 minutes up to several days per week.

        Best of luck.

      • Bob Beck said when using CES stimulation more than 40 minutes per session will negate the positive effects. As John A stated above long sessions will deplete your neuro chemicals…Dr. Bob Beck recommended 20 minutes 1 or 2 times daily.

  9. could we get a higher resolution view of the schematic? I cannot read the text around the switch or LED.

  10. I have built this device. When I test it with a 5k resistor or larger as a test load, it operates as expected, turning the pot changes the amperage between .5 mA and 2 mA. If I use a resistance much lower the max current will be higher. Is this the correct operation for this circuit?

    • That is when I use a resistance lower than 5k turning the pot all the way to the right creates a current higher than 2mA.

  11. where did you find a digital meter that could monitor a 1mA current? all the affordable ones i ve seen wouldn t go under a 200mA sensitivity

  12. This is great.
    2 things:
    1. what does it say above the red lead, anode on your circuit blueprint?

    2. why does the Reddit Tdcs unit have the meter before the LM334 and the potentiometer?

    Wouldn’t that mean you schematic is the only correct one because it is able to varying the current prior to a readout from the meter?

  13. SpeakWisdom, can you have a look at this design, it is basic but I need something like this to start with.

    I made it just like this guy and it works, question is is it done the right way?

  14. Hi, need help with electrodes. How large? Can you/should you use larger electrodes to effect greater area. I’m particularly interested in cath for reducing cortical hyper excitability. How do you maximize electrode contact thru thick hair? For cath where should one place anode? Again reducing excitability is key.

    Any thoughts would be appreciated.

    • Most that I am aware of are using Amrex 2×2 or 3×3 electrodes available from Amazon and many others. They are sponge electrodes that you wet with saline. Seem to work well through hair.

  15. Hello Dr. Williams. I’m a novice with electronics. Can you recommend a source for learning circuit building? I have a few questions about how/why the circuit is built the way it is. Like, why is there a 15 Ohm resistor after the pot?

    • Hi Neil,

      That resistor is present to make sure the resistance between the two leads can not go to zero, thus limiting the current range of the regulator.

      I don’t know of a specific electronics tutorial site, but I’m pretty sure you could find a few via a Google search.


  16. Brent, sounds like for the complete novice, you’d recommend the ActivaDose II, based on the original post here, is that correct and/or do you have any comments about the device in comparison, I’m ready to order one and get going.

    • Hi Bart,
      I like all of the devices on the market for specific situations. You’ll find the Activadose II used a good bit in the research and medical world, but the headset has advantages in ease of use and portability. They are both good products – and there are others!


      • Thanks Brent, I have ordered the! Looks like it will arrive within two days and I’ve got your User Guide ready to go, will post more later, thank you so much for the information!

  17. Brent – from the pictures, it looks like you step up from the analog to digital meter easily. According to one of your previous posts, the meter needs an outside current source. Did you just syphon some of the electricity from the 9v, or did you add an additional battery to the source?

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